HISTORY OF SOAP MAKING

BRIEF HISTORY OF SOAP MAKING

The art of making soap was not a new idea, and has been in the history of man for many years. In a documented text of Babylonian, there was a formula for soap making which reciped water, alkali and cassia oil. This is one of the earliest recorded history of soap production, which was around 2800BC. The Romans were known to make soap from goat tallow and ashes of the beech-tree. The soap was used by the Romans for household cleaning, bathing, washing and also used by the Roman fashionable ladies to color their hairs.

The ancient civilization methods of soap making were not industrialized and solely depend on animal fats and organic alkali (that is from ashes and other natural plant products such as resins) as a source of soap making ingredients. Most of the soaps that are produced are mainly for own consumtion. But by the end of 12th century, soap production began to be industrialized in Middle East: such as in Aleppo, Damascus, Fes and Nablus. And by 15th century, the semi-industrialized Professional manufacture of soap was concentrated in some cities of France. The soap making was not fully industrialized until during the 16yh century that plant-based extracted oils are used in Europe to manufacture soap, which became industrially revolutionalised by Andrew Pears around 1789 in London.


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